Westpac Banking Group
“Market Cap $99 B As of May 2014
At a Glance
- Industry: Major Banks
- Founded: 1817
- Country: Australia
- CEO: Gail Kelly
- Website: www.westpac.com.au
- Employees: 35,597
- Sales: $38.39 B
- Headquarters: Sydney
#60 Global 2000
- #232 in Sales
- #80 in Profit
- #48 in Assets
- #69 in Market value
Westpac Banking Corp. provides a broad range of banking and financial services in these markets, including retail, business and institutional banking and wealth management services. The company operates its business through the following segments: Australian Financial Services, Westpac Institutional Bank and Westpac New Zealand. The Australian Financial Services segment is responsible for the company’s Australian retail banking, business banking and wealth operations. It incorporates the operations of: Westpac Retail & Business Banking, which is responsible for sales and service for consumer, small-to-medium enterprise customers and commercial and agribusiness customers in Australia under the Westpac brand; St.George Banking Group, which is responsible for sales and service for consumer, business and corporate customers in Australia under the St.George, BankSA, Bank of Melbourne and RAMS2 brands; BT Financial Group (Australia), which is Westpac’s Australian wealth division. Its operations include funds management and insurance solutions. BT Financial Group’s brands include Advance Asset Management, Ascalon, Asgard, BT, BT Investment Management 3, Licensee Select, BT Select, Securitor, and the advice, private banking and insurance operations of Bank of Melbourne, BankSA, St.George and Westpac. The Westpac Institutional Bank segment provides a broad range of financial services to commercial, corporate, institutional and government customers with connections to Australia and New Zealand. The Westpac New Zealand segment is responsible for sales and service of banking, wealth and insurance products for consumers, business and institutional customers in New Zealand. Westpac Banking was founded on February 12, 1817 and is headquartered in Sydney, Australia.“
“Westpac Banking Group history
Westpac has a long and proud history as Australia’s first and oldest bank. It was established in 1817 as the Bank of New South Wales under a charter of incorporation provided by Governor Lachlan Macquarie. In October 1982 it changed its name to Westpac Banking Corporation following the acquisition of the Commercial Bank of Australia.
When we opened our doors for business the first employee was Joseph Hyde Potts. As a porter and servant, he received a weekly ration from the King’s stores and an annual salary of 25 pounds.
This was a challenging time, beginning with a serious loss in 1821 when it was discovered that the Bank of NSW’s Chief Cashier had stolen half its subscribed capital, none of which was ever recovered.
The Bank’s major expansion began in response to the gold fever in 1851 when it saw an opportunity to set up gold-buying agents in response to the needs of miners and merchants. It had grown from a single office in Sydney to a network of 37 branches by 1861.
The crash of the New York stock market on Black Thursday, 24 October 1929 signalled the start of the depression in the international market. The first significant sign of this in Australia came in January of that year, when Alfred Charles Davidson became general manager.
Davidson advocated a bold initiative to adjust the exchange rate on London downwards from par to £A130 = £100stg in 1931. This helped soften the impact of the depression on Australia and spark the ailing economy into recovery.
Following the acquisition of the Commercial Bank of Australia in 1982, Westpac expanded rapidly in the 1980s. However, as a result of the economic downturn at the end of the decade, Westpac declared a loss of $1.6 billion for the financial year ended 30 September 1992.
From 1993 to 1999, under the leadership of Robert (Bob) Joss, Westpac underwent a substantial rejuvenation program and then instigated a number of acquisitions in Australia and New Zealand to expand its retail footprint in markets where it was underweight, acquiring
- Challenge Bank Limited, Western Australia in 1995
- Trust Bank New Zealand in 1996
- Bank of Melbourne in 1997.
Westpac began the new century as a principal sponsor of the very successful Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.
In 2002, the bank began a strategic reshaping commencing with the sale of its longstanding iconic finance company, Australian Guarantee Corporation Limited (AGC) to GE Australia.
In the same year, we began to expand our wealth management business with the acquisition of:
- Rothschild Australia Asset Management
- Parts of BT Financial Group
- 51% of Hastings Funds Management Limited, moving to 100% ownership in 2005.
In 2008 Westpac merged with St.George Bank Limited, resulting in a much larger multi-brand Group. The effective date of the merger was 1 December 2008. On 1 March 2010, The Westpac Group commenced operating as a single authorised deposit-taking institution (ADI), and the legal entity St.George Bank Limited was deregistered. From that date St.George Bank became an operating division within The Westpac Group.
On 25 July 2011, Westpac Group, through its operating division, St.George Banking Group, launched the Bank of Melbourne.”
*Information from Forbes.com and Westpac.com.au
**Video published on YouTube by “WestpacBanking“