Coal India Limited (CIL)

    Coal India Limited (CIL) history, profile and history video

       Coal India Limited (CIL) is an Indian state-owned coal mining corporation headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.


       In 1971, the Government of India nationalized all the 214 coking-coal mines and 12 coke-ovens running in the private sector, excluding those held by TISCO and IISCO.

       In 1972, the Government company Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL) was formed to take control of these nationalized mines and coke-ovens.

       In 1973, all the remaining 711 non-coking coal mines in the private sector were also nationalized. 184 of these mines were handed over to BCCL, and the remaining 527 were handed over to a newly created department Coal Mines Authority.

       On 14 June 1973, the department Coal Mines Authority was converted into a Government company CMAL. National Coal Development Corporation (NCDC), a coal company established by the Government of India in 1957, was merged with CMAL.

       In 1974, both BCCL and CMAL were brought under the Department of Coal of the newly formed Ministry of Energy.

       In 1975, a new public-sector company Coal India Limited (CIL) was formed. 45% share-holding of the CMAL in Singareni Collieries Company was also transferred to CIL, and CMAL was closed.


    • Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL)
    • Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL)
    • Central Coalfields Limited (CCL)
      • Jharkhand Central Railway Ltd
    • Northern Coalfields Limited (NCL)
    • Western Coalfields Limited (WCL)
    • South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL)
      • Chattisgarh East Railway Limited
      • Chattisgarh East-West Railway Limited
    • Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL)
      • MUSI Coal Ltd
      • MHN Sakti Ltd
      • Mahanadi Basin Power Ltd
      • Mahanadi Coal Railway Ltd
    • Central Mine Planning & Design Institute (CMPDI) – a mine planning and consultancy company.
    • Coal India Africana Limitada (CIAL) – a foreign subsidiary in Mozambique.
    • North Eastern Coalfields – managed directly by CIL.
    • CIL Navi Karniya Urja Limited –  engaged in the development of non-conventional/clean & renewable energy.
    • CIL Solar PV Limited – engaged in the development of the solar photovoltaic module.

    CIL’s Collaborations

       With more than 259,000 employees, Coal India Limited (CIL) is considered one of the largest coal-producing companies in the world. According to Forbes, it is considered one of the Top 2000 Largest Public Companies in the World.

    *Information from,, and

    **Video published on YouTube by “Indraneel Kaul“.



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